Many industrial and manufacturing facilities use specialized storage tanks for short and long-term storage of various materials. These containers can also be used to mix, blend, and even dispense stored contents as and when needed. Some of the industries which use storage tanks are chemical, food and beverage, pharmaceutical, agriculture, and many others.
Drawing up specifications
There are some essential parameters to account for in the tank fabrication process. These are the material to be stored, capacity and dimension. The intended use for each storage tank will largely determine the materials to be used in constructing it. It is also necessary to identify whether it should be an above or below the ground tank. The next step is to determine how much liquid or chemicals will be stored in each tank. The dimensions of the container are calculated in feet units. The following regulating bodies dictate tank fabrication codes:
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers
- American Petroleum Institute
- American Welding Society
- American Waterworks Association
- Department of Transportation
- Underwriters Laboratories
These codes include detailed instructions on all aspects of tank design, fabrication, inspection, maintenance and even repairs. Fabrication facilities can build horizontal or vertical tanks based on need. Walls are constructed based on the end use of a tank.
- Construction Materials
- Storage tanks can be made from materials such as:
- Fiberglass reinforced polyester
- Galvanized steel
- Stainless steel
Many storage tanks are reinforced with special linings so that they don’t corrode. Tank fabrication facilities use glass or special coatings, based on the specifications of apex bodies.
Since tank construction is a highly specialized field, working with the right company can help in getting the right storage solution. Fabrication and installation companies also test their tanks for leaks so that it can be used safely. Standards are being upgraded continuously to minimize environmental damage as many accidents have occurred.